Protective factors for dating violence Adultdating co nz
The most widely known list of criteria is Hill’s Criteria of Causation, which suggests that features such as the strength of an association, its consistency, specificity, plausibility, gradient (or dose-response relationship), coherence with existing evidence, and the temporal relationship with the outcome be considered.
For this review, we considered temporal precedence to be established when the authors provided information about an exposure (or predictor variable) which took place at time point prior to the outcome ( dating abuse).
For the purposes of this review, we define adolescent dating violence as a form of intimate partner violence that occurs between people who are 10–24 years old (herein referred to as adolescents) who are current or former dating partners.
At that time, no longitudinal studies of dating abuse had been published, and so the Lewis and Fremouw literature review was limited to cross-sectional studies.
While the review identified several potentially causal factors for dating violence perpetration, such as witnessing interparental violence, experiencing child abuse, and attitudes about aggression, the authors correctly noted that no causal inferences could be made from the underlying studies that were available.
In their 2001 review of correlates of dating violence, Lewis and Fremouw concluded that in the future “scientists will be more able to conduct prospective research and consider causal variables [for dating violence perpetration], reducing their reliance on correlational, cross-sectional methods of investigation.